Score for the Assessment of Body Image and Health Diagnosis Based on Anthropometric and Biochemical Measures in the Elderly
Keywords:Elderly, Body Image, Physical Activity, Quality of Life.
Objective: Identify a score for the diagnostic assessment of health and body image based on anthropometric and biochemical measures in the elderly.
Method: Transversal research exploratory and quantitative approach, developed in the South of the city of JoÃ£o Pessoa-PB with 21 elderly practitioners of physical exercises in sport aerobics in the period of May to June 2015. It was used a sociodemographic questionnaire and the International Physical Activity questionnaire, IPAQ. The research was authorized by the ethics on Research Committee of the University Center of JoÃ£o Pessoa/PB, CAAE 38840214.7.0000.5176.
Results: The study subjects had an average age of 65.9 and standard deviation 6.92 years. It was observed in table 2 the importance of body fat Mass and waist hip as the most influential in lifestyle, according to the non-parametric test of McNemar suitable for dichotomous dependent data. In table 3 the importance of all variables with exception of Edema as the most influential in body image, according to the non-parametric test of McNemar
Conclusion: It is observed that the elderly present composition of body fat mass and relative CK high, according to the measure of proximity of Jaccard, thus most of the elderly are in opposition to a healthy lifestyle. It is essential for the understanding of the characteristics and the transformations that the individuals with the advancement of age which reinforces the need for more effective actions in the control and/or prevention of health-related factors in the elderly.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution LicenseÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open AccessÂ and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).