Nurses’ Job Market Profile in Brazil
Introduction: The expression ‘job market’ refers, in general terms, to the dynamics and behavior of the labor force available in the market. It encompasses the relations between employment and unemployment, income levels, working hours, and contractual relations, including wage, workforce distribution in the economy sectors, relations between capital and labor.
Objective: Characterize nurses’ job market profile, within the period 2009-2013, in a northeastern Brazilian state.
Method: Descriptive and cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach and data obtained from two public databases: the Brazilian Social Information Annual Report (RAIS), by the Brazilian Ministry of Labor and Employment (MTE); and the number of registrations in the Regional Nursing Council in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (COREN/RN).
Results: Regarding employment agreements, a certain stability was identified within the period, reducing the number of job positions in 2012 and 2013. When comparing data of nurses’ workforce, through records from COREN/RN, to job positions of the RAIS, since 2011, a clear mismatch between the number of job positions and the number of nurses available in the market was found.
Conclusion: It is concluded there is a maintenance trend with worse unemployment, especially among young individuals, if three situations highlighted in 2013 persist: growth in nurses’ educational level, staying in Rio Grande do Norte, and stability or maintenance of a decreased number of job positions available.
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