Epidemiological Profile of Injuries in Victims Met At a Hospital of Reference of Paraíba, Brazil
Introduction: Violent trauma and car accidents result in the deaths of more than 2.5 million people a year worldwide.
Objective: This study aimed to identify the epidemiological profile of trauma victims admitted and hospitalized in a hospital of reference.
Method: This is a retrospective study with a quantitative approach, performed at Patos Regional Hospital - Paraíba. The sample consisted of 179 medical records of inpatients by trauma in the period from August to December 2014. The data were submitted to statistical and descriptive analyzes, and the results presented in graphs and tables.
Results: It was observed that the trauma predominates in male individuals (61%), older than 40 years (52%), agricultural workers (28%), despite the accidents occur mostly in urban areas (77%), with large plot admitted after trauma to extremities, skull and face. It showed a higher number of incidents in October (47%), featuring the Monday (20%), with the highest number of admissions and hospitalization, usually including the night hours from 18:01 to 24.00 (40%).
Conclusion: Thus, we see the need to invest in prevention policies directed at this particular profile, in order to develop targeted and effective strategies that can reduce the number of incidents, and consequently the number of deaths and permanent sequelae.
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