Motor Learning and Virtual Reality in Down Syndrome; a Literature Review

  • Lilian Del Ciello de Menezes
  • Thais Massetti
  • Fernando Rocha Oliveira
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. Departamento de Saúde da Coletividade. Disciplina de Metodologia Científica.
  • Silvia Regina Pinheiro Malheiros
  • Isabela Lopes Trevizan
  • Cristina Hamamura Moriyama
  • Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro


 Down syndrome (DS) is caused by trisomy of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) and results in a large number of phenotypes including learning difficulties, cardiac defects and distinguishing facial features. The purpose of this study was to analyse research findings about “motor learning” and “virtual reality” in patients with DS. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science and BVS. Using key words, we searched for articles that included Down syndrome, virtual reality, and motor learning. Only studies on humans were eligible. The search  identified seven relevant papers. Most studies showed that individuals with Down syndrome are able to learn new tasks, and that improvements can be enhanced via the use of virtual reality. We conclude that individuals with Down syndrome respond positively and effectively, with improvements in sensory motor control, when stimulated with tasks that are complementary to conventional therapy, including therapy involving virtual reality.

Jul 22, 2015
How to Cite
MENEZES, Lilian Del Ciello de et al. Motor Learning and Virtual Reality in Down Syndrome; a Literature Review. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, july 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 july 2021. doi:
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Down Syndrome, Virtual Reality, Motor Learning

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