Sleep Disorders in Climacteric Women of the Northeastern City of Brazil
Introduction: One of the stages of women's lives is the climacteric, a period often accompanied by emotional and physical signs and emotional, which may negatively influence the quality of life. Among the typical climacteric symptoms are sleep disorders, often overlooked by professionals who assist the woman.
Objective: Identifying factors related to sleep disorders in cliamcteric women, in the city of Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
Method: A cross-sectional survey conducted in the city of Cajazeiras, with 411 women 40-60 years old, belonging to the Family Health Units in the urban area, included in the sample after reading and signing the Informed Consent. Data were collected through interviews with structured questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The exposure variables were: meals/day, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight/obesity, hypertension and diabetes, which were dichotomized to enable the calculation of the odds ratio (OR) with CI 95% and p < 0.05. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the State University of Paraíba, Protocol 0462.0.133.000-11.
Results: The average age of the study population was 49.73 (± 5.799). The average number of years studied was 7.72 (± 4.76). Regarding per capita income, the average was 0739 (± 0.811). The sleep complaints prevailed in 65.5% (n = 269). By the findings, it was realized that the variables associated with sleep disorders were: alcoholism [p = 0.014; OR: 1845 (CI 1085-3139)]; presence of illnesses [p = 0.004; OR: 1796 (CI 1185-2725)] and hypertension [p = 0.005; OR: 1827 (CI 1164-2868).
Conclusion: The high prevalence of sleep disorders, the unfavorable socio-demographic conditions and morbid factors found confirm the strong impact of menopause on women's lives. We realize the need to investigate other risk factors for sleep disorders, associated with socio-demographic data and intrinsic factors, regarding climacteric.