Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Low Income Women


  • Bárbara Marques Anginoni Master in Nursing EEUSP. Specialist for Cardiology Program at UNIFESP Multidisciplinary Residency - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Vinicius Batista Santos 2. Nurse. Master of Science by UNIFESP Nursing - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Solange Guizilini 3. Physiotherapist. PhD in Sciences Graduate Cardiology Program - UNIFESP. Professor of Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Health Sciences, UNIFESP - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Camila de Souza Carneiro Nurse. PhD in Nursing from UNIFESP Nursing - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Suelen Alves Oliveira 5. Nurse. PhD in Applied Biology (UNESP, Botucatu-SP). Research Group's interest in evidence-based health and teaching strategies at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar). São Carlos, SP, Brazil.
  • Regimar Carla Machado Federal University of Sao Carlos
  • Rita Simone Lopes Moreira PhD in Sciences Graduate Cardiology Program - UNIFESP. Cardiology Program coordinator of the Multidisciplinary Residency UNIFESP - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.



Women; Work; Poverty; Education; Cardiovascular Disease


Goals: Identify the most prevalent risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases ( CVD) in low-income women; verify the relation between the prevalence of risk factors to develop CVD and social economic factors and identify beliefs of death without relation to the main diseases affecting females.

Methods: Interview of 100 cleaning ladies in São Paulo University Hospital. It was used a quiz composed by 25 closed questions based on VIGITEL/2006 quiz – Health Ministry – a risk factor surveillance quiz.

Results: The most prevalent cardiovascular risk factor was hypertension followed by smoking. Most of the women carrying cardiovascular risk factors were over 55 years old. It was also verified the  relation between a higher income and higher education to CVD deaths. Conclusion: In order to reduce mortality by CVD, it is necessary to provide more information to these women about the main risks of developing such diseases through prevention programs, specially among groups with more vulnerability

Keywords:  Women, work, poverty, education, cardiovascular diseases.

Author Biography

Regimar Carla Machado, Federal University of Sao Carlos

Currently conducting Postdoctoral Fellow in Health Evidence-Based - Cochrane-UNIFESP-SP. Held Post Doctorate in Translational Surgery - UNIFESP 2011-2014 with Research Internship in Heart Transplant Service and Circulatory Assistance Hospital Universitari Mechanics of Valencia - Spain. Doctorate in Sciences / Program of Cardiovascular Surgery - UNIFESP - 2010. Master of Science / Cardiac Surgery Program at the Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP - 2007. Specialization in Nursing Intensive Care at São Camilo University Center, São Paulo - 1999. Graduation Nursing at the University of Taubaté - 1996. Technical Visit in Heart failure Service, Heart Transplantation and Circulatory assistance Clinic Hospital Mechanics - Barcelona - Spain-2011. Internships and visits Techniques in Cardiac Surgery Services, Intensive Care Unit and Cardiac Transplantation in Canadian Hospitals, Spain and Argentina, 2001, 2002, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015. Lectures and Consulting Research for the Hospital Universitari Groups Valencia - Spain, 2014. Visits in Universities in Spain and Portugal, 2015. Member of the Research Group - Medical discipline of BECA Based evidence- Cochrane - UNIFESP. Experience as Cardiac Surgery Postoperative Intensive Care Nurse and 1996 to 2005. Collaborator Nurse Discipline of Cardiac Transplantation Service of Cardiovascular Surgery at UNIFESP-SP, 2004-2012. Currently Professor of the Undergraduate Course in Nursing; Permanent Program for Graduate Studies at the Federal University of São Carlos Nursing and Professor of Nursing Specialization Course Coordinator in Cardiology and Critical Care - UFSCar. Group Leader Studies and Health Research and Evidence-Based Instructional Strategies / UFSCar, 2015-present. Partnerships with the University of Valencia, Spain and Nursing School of Coimbra, Portugal. Coordinator and Nursing Specialization Course Lecturer in Critical Care / Cardiology UNIVAP 2007 to 2012. Talks at the Specialization Course in Perfusion, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of UNIFESP, SP-2008-2016. Nurse Researcher at the Center for Studies and Research of the Hospital Santa Catarina - São Paulo - 2011-2012. Experience in Nursing and Education Hospital. Mainly in the following areas: cardiology, heart surgery, heart transplantation, mechanical circulatory assistance, critical care, cardiac emergencies and clinics and Research: Evidence-based health care; realistic simulation as a teaching / learning strategy; validation tools.


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