Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Low Income Women

  • Bárbara Marques Anginoni Master in Nursing EEUSP. Specialist for Cardiology Program at UNIFESP Multidisciplinary Residency - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Vinicius Batista Santos 2. Nurse. Master of Science by UNIFESP Nursing - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Solange Guizilini 3. Physiotherapist. PhD in Sciences Graduate Cardiology Program - UNIFESP. Professor of Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Health Sciences, UNIFESP - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Camila de Souza Carneiro Nurse. PhD in Nursing from UNIFESP Nursing - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.
  • Suelen Alves Oliveira 5. Nurse. PhD in Applied Biology (UNESP, Botucatu-SP). Research Group's interest in evidence-based health and teaching strategies at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar). São Carlos, SP, Brazil.
  • Regimar Carla Machado Federal University of Sao Carlos
  • Rita Simone Lopes Moreira PhD in Sciences Graduate Cardiology Program - UNIFESP. Cardiology Program coordinator of the Multidisciplinary Residency UNIFESP - São Paulo / SP, Brazil.

Abstract

Goals: Identify the most prevalent risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases ( CVD) in low-income women; verify the relation between the prevalence of risk factors to develop CVD and social economic factors and identify beliefs of death without relation to the main diseases affecting females.


Methods: Interview of 100 cleaning ladies in São Paulo University Hospital. It was used a quiz composed by 25 closed questions based on VIGITEL/2006 quiz – Health Ministry – a risk factor surveillance quiz.


Results: The most prevalent cardiovascular risk factor was hypertension followed by smoking. Most of the women carrying cardiovascular risk factors were over 55 years old. It was also verified the  relation between a higher income and higher education to CVD deaths. Conclusion: In order to reduce mortality by CVD, it is necessary to provide more information to these women about the main risks of developing such diseases through prevention programs, specially among groups with more vulnerability


Keywords:  Women, work, poverty, education, cardiovascular diseases.

Published
Nov 20, 2016
How to Cite
ANGINONI, Bárbara Marques et al. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Low Income Women. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, nov. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/2081>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2213.
Section
Epidemiology

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