Domestic Violence against Women: Prevalence, Familiar Context and Victim Support Services
Background: This article aimed to characterize the violence practice by intimate partners throughout the life of women between 15 and 49 years old, regarding the prevalence and type of violence, risk factors inside the familiar context for the occurence of such acts and the search for support services directed to women who were victims of domestic violence.
Methods: It is a cross-sectional study conducted in all of the Family Health Units in the city of Serra Talhada, located in the state of Pernambuco in Brazil, with 493 women who live there. Descriptive statistics were used (absolute distributions, percentages, mean and standard deviation) and analytical (bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression with robust variance) with a 5% level of significance.
Results: Regarding the prevalence, 46.8% of women were victims of aggression by partners, most suffering more than one type of violence (68.4%). There was a predominance of psychological (37.3%), physical (33.7%), and sexual violence (18.7%). The use of alcohol and illicit drugs as well as the partner’s involvement in frequent quarrels in the community and in the family circle were strongly associated with a higher prevalence of violence against women (p = 0.001 and Reason’s prevalence of 5.08; 1.41; 1.34 and 1.41, respectively). Almost one third of the victims (29.2%) reported having searched for support services, being hospitals or health centers the most searched by women in physical (71.1%), sexual (58.3%) and psychological (45.6%) violence situations. However, 70.8% of the interviewed reported not searching for institutional help.
Conclusions: The survey results show that violence against women is still cause for concern, especially in public health area. It reinforces the need of measures that actually effect the public policies in meeting this demand.
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