Features of Clinical and Epidemiological Reactions of Leprosy Cases in a City of the High Backlands of Paraíba

  • Bárbara Letícia de Queiroz Xavier Nursing Specialist in Intensive Care Unit, University Cândido Mêndes, Brazil.
  • Maria Mônica Paulino do Nascimento Master Student of Collective Health, Catholic University of Santos, Brazil.
  • Brenda dos Santos Teixeira Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Anthonio Alisancharles Batista de Almeida Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Jéssica Barreto Pereira Bachelor of Nursing, Specialist in Oncology, Integrated College of Patos, Brazil.
  • Andressa Pedroza Pereira Specialist in Infectology, University of Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Hirla Vanessa Soares de Araújo Master Student of Nursing, University of Pernambuco/State University of Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Rayanne Rilka Pereira da Silva Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Maria Soraya Pereira Franco Teacher of Technical School of Health of Cajazeiras, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Andressa Séfora Queiroga de Sousa Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Maria Tibéria da Silva Carolino Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil.
  • Riani Joyce Neves Nóbrega Bachelor of Nursing, Regional University of Cariri. Grupo de Pesquisa - GPCLIN, Brazil.
  • Priscila Nunes Costa Travassos Bachelor of Nursing, University of Fortaleza, Brazil.
  • Ana Carolina Cavalcante Viana Bachelor of Nutrition, University of Fortaleza, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: the reaction states or leprosy reactions are periods of acute inflammation in the course of a chronic illness, the main cause of damage to the nerves and disabilities caused by leprosy. They are divided into three types: reversal reaction, erythema nodosum leprosum and isolated neuritis.
Objective: to describe the clinical characteristics of cases of leprosy reactions in a city of high backlands of Paraiba.
Method: utilized a structured and individual questionnaire applied in the homes of patients and former patients of Hansen's disease who developed leprosy reactions , registered in the three Family Health Units with more cases of leprosy in the city of Cajazeiras – PB.
Results: among the 22 participants, most were male, aged over 61 years old and incomplete primary education. Regarding the classification of leprosy, 90.9% were multibacillary and 77.2 % of the blackening clinical form. When evaluated the type of reaction, 68.2 % were considered cases of RR or type 1 reaction, 45.5 % developed reactions during treatment and 40.9% after discharge by cure.
Conclusion: the study demonstrates the need for qualification of the professionals in the primary health care to a greater and better monitoring of these cases by the Family Health Strategy, so much so that the leprosy reactions are diagnosed early during treatment and after discharge, as mainly for carrying out monitoring conducts of neural damage and prevention of physical disabilities, avoiding them from installing deformities that impair daily activities and the interaction of these people in society.
Published
Nov 25, 2016
How to Cite
LETÍCIA DE QUEIROZ XAVIER, Bárbara et al. Features of Clinical and Epidemiological Reactions of Leprosy Cases in a City of the High Backlands of Paraíba. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, nov. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1992>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2197.
Section
Infectious Diseases

Keywords

Hansen´s disease. Inflammation. Epidemiological profile.