Vaccination Situation in the First Month of Life of Children of Childhood Education
AbstractIntroduction: The Brazilian vaccination schedule is a strategy used in disease prevention by providing immunobiologicals to the population and the BCG and Hepatitis B vaccines are the first to be administered shortly after birth. Objective: Describe the vaccination status of BCG and Hepatitis B vaccines in the first month of life of children of childhood education. Methodology: Epidemiological, descriptive and retrospective study, with quantitative approach, conducted from data available in 1,434 copies of children's immunization cards enrolled in childhood education in the municipality of Natal/RN, Brazil. Data were collected through checklist, categorized by Microsoft Office Excel 2013, exported to statistical software and presented in tables and graphs through simple descriptive statistics. Results: The BCG vaccine showed 98.5% of children with full immunization schedule, 1.2% unvaccinated and 0.8% had record failures. In the case of the hepatitis B vaccine, 98.9% had complete vaccination schedule, 0.6% for unvaccinated children and 0.4% had flaws that prevented their analysis. Final thoughts: The vaccination status of the children had complete immunization schedule rates higher than the target set by the National Immunization Program, but the presence of registry errors prevented the analysis of cards.
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