Association between Temporomandibular Dysfunction and Depression in People Living with HIV/AIDS

  • Francisco Braz Milanez Oliveira Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia do Maranhão - FACEMA
  • Aline Beatriz Rocha Paula

Abstract

Background: The origin of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is complex and associates with several factors, including emotional states, such as depression, currently considered one of the main etiological factors of TMD.


Objective: to measure the prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction and its association with the degree of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS.


Method: cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory, quantitative study, developed through the application of Fonseca’s instrument for evaluation of TMD and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in people living with HIV/AIDS from the Expert Assistance Service (EAS). For data analysis, one used Fisher's exact test with statistical significance level p<0.05.


Results: The study enrolled 32 subjects, of whom the majority had brown color (65.63%), incomplete elementary school (43.75%), was single (56.25%), with income lower than or equal to the minimum wage ( 87.5%), had mild TMD diagnosis (53.13%), associated with mild degree of depression (40.63%).


Conclusions: there was a prevalence of Depression and Temporomandibular Dysfunction in the majority of the sample, and a significant association between those two diseases. It is necessary nursing interventions in health education and early detection of the signs and symptoms of those diseases in that population.


 

Published
Jan 24, 2017
How to Cite
MILANEZ OLIVEIRA, Francisco Braz; ROCHA PAULA, Aline Beatriz. Association between Temporomandibular Dysfunction and Depression in People Living with HIV/AIDS. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, jan. 2017. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1967>. Date accessed: 14 nov. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2264.
Section
Psychiatry & Mental Health

Keywords

Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome. Depression. HIV.