Morbid Conditions and Lifestyle of Climacteric Women

  • Platiny Benício Calou Bachelor's degree in Medicine from the Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Alexandre Ferreira Gomes Bachelor's degree in Medicine from the Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Guilherme Gadelha Pereira de Carvalho Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Francisco Geyson Fontenele Albuquerque Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Kévia Katiúcia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Antônio Fernandes Filho Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: Women experience aging in a peculiar way, as the climacteric is inherent in this phase of the female life cycle. This is a period characterised by functional, morphological and hormonal changes that affect the quality of life of women, as well as causing changes in the occurrence/prevalence of chronic diseases. Objectives: To identify the most prevalent diseases in perimenopausal women in the city of Cajazeiras-Paraíba, Brazil, and the interference of lifestyle in the occurrence and progression of diseases such as systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and diabetes in women investigated. Method: This is a cross-sectional survey, in which data collection was carried out in an interview guided by structured script. The data collected were used in SPSS to statistically correlate the presence of at least one disease, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and diabetes versus meals/day, BMI, physical inactivity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: The results showed statistical dependence between overweight/obesity with at least one disease (p <0.001), SH (p <0.001) and diabetes (p = 0.016), in addition to alcohol abuse with at least one disease (p = 0.004) and hypertension (p = 0.005). Conclusion: The occurrence and progression of chronic diseases may be influenced by unhealthy lifestyle habits adopted by women. Thus, policies designed to promote the adoption of better living habits such as regular physical exercise and the abandonment of the use of harmful substances to the body, can interfere positively in the prevention/progression of the most prevalent chronic disease in climacteric.

Published
Oct 12, 2016
How to Cite
CALOU, Platiny Benício et al. Morbid Conditions and Lifestyle of Climacteric Women. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, oct. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1961>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2135.
Section
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Keywords

Climacteric; Lifestyle; Chronic diseases.

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