Cervical Cytological Examination: Perceptions of Women Attended in Primary Health Care

  • Camila Ferreira da Silva Nurse. Graduated at the Faculty of Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Maria Isabelly Fernandes da Costa Federal University of Ceara
  • Kamila Ferreira Lima Enfermeira. Mestranda em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC). Bolsista do CNPQ
  • Wanderson Alves Martins Nurse. Post-graduate in Oncology Nursing and PhD in Health Sciences, Faculty AVM Integrated. Professor Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Maria Nilcineide de Sousa Camurça Nurse. Specialist Health (UFSC). Professor of the Nursing Course of the School Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Francisca Andrea Marques de Albuquerque Nurse. Specialist in Family Health at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). Graduate Course Lecturer in Nursing School Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Viviane Mamede Vasconcelos Nurse. PhD in Nursing from the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). Professor and Coordinator of the Graduate Course in Faculty of Nursing Grande Integrated Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Patricia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro Nurse. Post PhD from the University of Rouen, France (CHU / ROUEN) and the Public Health Institute (ISC) of the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). Lecturer Titular of the Graduate Program in Public Health and Master Professional Technology and Innovation in Nursing at the University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR).
  • Mirna Albuquerque Frota Nurse. Post PhD from the University of Rouen, France (CHU / ROUEN). Lecturer Titular of the Graduate Program in Public Health and Master Coordinator Professional Technology and Innovation in Nursing at the University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR).
  • Karla Maria Carneiro Rolim Nurse. Master in Public Health at the State University of Ceará (UECE). Graduate Course Lecturer in Nursing School Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).
  • Raelson Ribeiro Rodrigues
  • Izaildo Tavares Luna
  • Luiza Luana de Araújo Lira Bezerra

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the perception of women about prevention of cervical cancer, as well as to identify the factors that influence the adhesion to the exam and to describe the role of the nurse in gynecologic consultation from the perspective of the patients.


 


Methods: Qualitative study, carried out in October and November 2015, with 22 women attended in a primary health care unit located in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, by means of semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using content analysis.


 


Results: Three categories were identified: Meanings assigned to cervical cytological examination and adhesion to the exam; Barriers to taking periodic examination for prevention of cervical cancer; Role of the nurse in the prevention of cervical cancer.


 


Conclusion: Health professionals working in primary health care, especially nurses, must know the cultural context in which women are included, as well as understand the meanings that they attribute to the cervical exam, so they can adopt effective interventions to improve the access to preventive examination and, consequently, reduce mortality rates related to this cancer.

Published
Nov 5, 2016
How to Cite
SILVA, Camila Ferreira da et al. Cervical Cytological Examination: Perceptions of Women Attended in Primary Health Care. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, nov. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1960>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2153.
Section
Global Health & Health Policy

Keywords

Cervical Cancer; Pap Smear; Primary Health Care.

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