Quality of Life of Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease has a major impact on a pediatric patient’s development. Harmful effects include nutritional changes deriving from a restrictive diet, in addition to systemic manifestations, deficient growth, osseous deformities and chronic anemia. In addition to biological effects, there are psychological and social issues arising from chronic diseases, such as impaired self-image and academic difficulties.
OBJECTIVES: To analyze scientific production on the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease.
METHOD: Integrative literature review carried out on SciELO, MEDLINE, PubMed databases and the BVS portal, from June to August 2015, using the following controlled descriptors: quality of life, children and chronic kidney disease. Eighteen articles were analyzed based on the inclusion criteria.
RESULTS: Therapeutic modality has a positive influence on the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease, with patients undergoing hemodialysis being those with the worst scores. Diet restrictions, especially liquid restriction, presence of comorbidities such as anemia, heart disease, short stature and osseous deformities contribute to the negative assessment of patients and caregivers. Poor academic performance is a concern for both children and parents of patients with chronic kidney disease. The presence of family and the participation of the latter in the treatment have a positive influence on these patients’ perception about quality of life.
CONCLUSION: Children with chronic kidney disease have been presenting low quality of life when compared to the group without chronic disease. Further studies need to be conducted within varied cultural contexts in order to compare results and develop coping strategies with the aim of improving the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).