Quality of Life of Children with Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Glauce Rocha de Moura Fé Doctor. Graduated from the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). Graduate in Nephrology.
  • Maria Isabelly Fernandes da Costa Federal University of Ceara
  • Wanderson Alves Martins Nurse. Post-graduate in Oncology Nursing and PhD in Health Sciences, Faculty AVM Integrated.
  • Kamila Ferreira Lima Nurse. Master's Degree in Nursing from the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). Fellow CNPQ.
  • Priscila Alencar Mendes Reis Nurse. Doctoral Student in Nursing at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC).
  • Viviane Mamede Vasconcelos Nurse. Ph.D. Professor at the Graduate Nursing Course of Integrated Faculty of Grande Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Brazil.
  • Mirna Albuquerque Frota
  • Karla Maria Carneiro Rolim Nurse. Post PhD from the University of Rouen, France (CHU / ROUEN). Lecturer Titular of the Graduate Program in Public Health and Master Coordinator Professional Technology and Innovation in Nursing at the University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR).
  • Luiza Luana de Araújo Lira Bezerra Nurse. Master in Public Health at the State University of Ceará (UECE). Graduate Course Lecturer in Nursing School Integrated Grande Fortaleza (FGF).

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease has a major impact on a pediatric patient’s development. Harmful effects include nutritional changes deriving from a restrictive diet, in addition to systemic manifestations, deficient growth, osseous deformities and chronic anemia. In addition to biological effects, there are psychological and social issues arising from chronic diseases, such as impaired self-image and academic difficulties.


 


OBJECTIVES: To analyze scientific production on the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease.


 


METHOD: Integrative literature review carried out on SciELO, MEDLINE, PubMed databases and the BVS portal, from June to August 2015, using the following controlled descriptors: quality of life, children and chronic kidney disease. Eighteen articles were analyzed based on the inclusion criteria.


 


RESULTS: Therapeutic modality has a positive influence on the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease, with patients undergoing hemodialysis being those with the worst scores. Diet restrictions, especially liquid restriction, presence of comorbidities such as anemia, heart disease, short stature and osseous deformities contribute to the negative assessment of patients and caregivers. Poor academic performance is a concern for both children and parents of patients with chronic kidney disease. The presence of family and the participation of the latter in the treatment have a positive influence on these patients’ perception about quality of life.


 


CONCLUSION: Children with chronic kidney disease have been presenting low quality of life when compared to the group without chronic disease. Further studies need to be conducted within varied cultural contexts in order to compare results and develop coping strategies with the aim of improving the quality of life of children with chronic kidney disease.


 


 

Published
Dec 8, 2016
How to Cite
FÉ, Glauce Rocha de Moura et al. Quality of Life of Children with Chronic Kidney Disease. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, dec. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1954>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2172.
Section
Pediatrics

Keywords

Quality of Life, Children, Chronic Kidney Disease

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