Profile of Victims of Motorcycle Accidents Admitted in Emergency Room of a Public Hospital in Ceara, Brazil
Introduction: Economic growth and the increase of credit power in Brazil, especially in the Northeast region, allow the population to increase the acquisition of vehicles, mostly motorcycles. On the other hand, while facilitated this sale, little is invested in traffic enforcement measures, in an alarming increase of traffic accidents associated with causes that could be avoided, resulting in several members and head traumas or can lead to death. Objective: To describe the profile of motorcycle accident victims admitted in emergency service. Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective, documentary and quantitative study carried out with 270 victims of brain trauma involved in motorcycle accidents admitted in a referral hospital in Ceará, Brazil. Data collection happened between 2013 and 2014, analyzing medical records of patients and answering a basic form for data optimization. Results: Motorcycle accidents that occurred in the period 2013-2014 registered in the referral hospital of the city of Cariri, Ceará, Brazil, affecting mostly males (88.1%) and a high number of young people and adults (55%). There has been a reduction of accidents from 2013 (65%) and 2014 (34.1%). There was a predominance of accidents over the weekend (41%), having as a contributing factor alcoholism (61%) and the non-use of a helmet (86%), providing the skull trauma injury as the most present (40.7%). Conclusion: The characterization of patients shows that the brain and facial traumas are related directly to the use of the helmet, not associated with other causes such as age group, alcohol use and lack of supervision in the municipalities, also is important to stand out the need to to strengthening and creating public policies in order to prevent damages.
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