Workloads of Nurses in the Family Health in Brazil: What the Literature Says
Introduction: Workload (WL) is expressed in the working process elements which when interacting with each other and with the worker’s body can materialize themselves into distress, many times as an attempt of adaptation to the work demands. The nurse’s work in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) exposes him to different types of WL and they can be divided into: Psychical, physiological, biological, mechanical and chemical.
Objective: To analyze what is being published in the literature regarding workload within the Family Health Strategy in Brazil identifying generator elements and relating them to the types of loads.
Method: Integrative revision of the oriented literature through previous protocol, with data collected by two independent collaborators in the following data basis: PUBMED, LILACs, SCIELO and CAPES Bank of Theses in the languages described in Portuguese, English and Spanish in the period from 1994 to 2014. The study inclusion and exclusion descriptions obeyed requirements established by Ganong (1987) and Whittemore (2005). The Atlas.ti® software was used as a resource for storage and analysis of the studies.
Results: No research work specifically approached the WL of nurses in the FHS. There are seven research works that approach the workloads of family health teams, which include the nurses. A total of eight research works approach the health of the FHS teams topic in which it was possible to identify generator elements of WL. From the set of the studies it was identified the presence of psychical, physical, physiological, mechanical and biological loads with predominance of the first ones. There were not found chemical loads.
Conclusion: The work of the FHS is exposed to multiple WL generator elements, mainly the psychical loads, followed by the physiological and mechanical ones. However, there is the need of studies aiming to investigate such phenomenon, forming a field to be studied.
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