Clinical Epidemiological Profile and Warning Signs of Dengue
Dengue is an arbovirus transmitted to human beings by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, characterized as a systemic viral infection of rapid geographical expansion and today, it a major global infectious problem with the potential risk of death for the individuals affected. Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile and the most frequent and relevant warning signs of confirmed dengue cases occurred in Campo Grande, the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Midwestern Brazil, during 2013 epidemic. Method: This is a descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective study conducted through analysis of patients´ records treated at two public hospitals of reference for treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases (IPD) in the city of Campo Grande/MS, Brazil, during an epidemic in 2013. Results: There were 91 confirmed cases of dengue analyzed; 86 of them met the criteria for the diagnosis of dengue with warning signs (DCWS) and five as severe dengue (SD). There was a predominance of females with 60% for cases of DCWA and 64% for SD. The age ranged from 42.65 (±2.22) for cases of DCWS and 60.40 (±6.98) years old for cases of SD. The Warning Signs associated with worsening of the disease were abrupt decreasing in platelets, dyspnea, hypothermia, confusion and psychomotor agitation. Three of the five cases of SD died (60%).Conclusion: The epidemiological situation of dengue in the city of Campo Grande/MS is configured as a public health problem. It is emphasized the importance of developing measures to control and combat of the disease, as well as entomological, sanitary and health surveillance become indispensable.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).