Social Representations of Community Infection by Nurses of the Family Health Strategy
Keywords:Social; Psychology; Community-Acquired Infection; Nursing, Social, Psychology. Community-Acquired Infection. Nursing.
Background: Community infection that is detected or incubating on admission act, since not related to a previous admission in the same hospital. These infections constitute a public health problem by the risk that people are exposed in the community. The evaluation of the risk of infection is a complex process involving clinical, psychosocial, and environmental data.
Aim: Apprehend the social representations of community infection by nurses of the Family Health Strategy.
Methods: Exploratory qualitative study, conducted from February to March of 2016 in 18 basic health units of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), the Northern Regional Directorate, the city of Teresina, PiauÃ, Brazil, with 23 nurses. Data were collected through semi-structured interview, processed by software IRAMUTEQ and analyzed by descending hierarchical classification.
Results: The results were presented in two axes: Axis 1-The nurse in the prevention of infection in the Community Health Strategy, with the classes: Class 3-Measures to prevent infection Community; Class 4-Health education for the prevention of community infection; Class 5-Nurse Interventions for preventing infection Community; Axis 2 - Extrinsic factors and social determinants related to community infection, with the classes: Class 2-The concept of community infection; Class 1-Types of community-acquired infections; Class 6-Risk factors for community-acquired infection.
Conclusion: The knowledge developed and shared by the nurses of the Family Health Strategy on Community infection, rooted in the course of their professional practice, shows that the concept of community infection was not well built by professionals, referring only to unrelated infections to hospital.
MinistÃ©rio da SaÃºde (BR). Portaria 2.616, de 12 de maio de 1998. DispÃµe sobre a prevenÃ§Ã£o e controle das infecÃ§Ãµes hospitalares: DiÃ¡rio Oficial da UniÃ£o, jul 1998. Available from:<http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/wps/wcm/connect/8c6cac8047457a6886d6d63fbc4c6735/PORTARIA+N%C2%B0+2.616%2C+DE+12+DE+MAIO+DE+1998.pdf?MOD=AJPERES>. Acessed in: 09 de agosto de 2015.
Brasil. Medidas de PrevenÃ§Ã£o de InfecÃ§Ã£o Relacionada Ã AssistÃªncia Ã SaÃºde. 4th ed. AgÃªncia Nacional de VigilÃ¢ncia SanitÃ¡ria, 2013.
Matta GC, Morosini MVG. AtenÃ§Ã£o primÃ¡ria Ã saÃºde. Escola PolitÃ©cnica de SaÃºde Joaquim VenÃ¢ncio (Org.). DicionÃ¡rio da EducaÃ§Ã£o Profissional em SaÃºde. 2010; 1:23-8.
Alves GG, Aerts D. As prÃ¡ticas educativas em saÃºde e a EstratÃ©gia SaÃºde da FamÃlia. CiÃªnc. saÃºde coletiva. 2011;16(1):319-25.
Moscovici S. RepresentaÃ§Ãµes Sociais-IntroduÃ§Ã£o em Psicologia Social. 7th ed. SÃ£o Paulo: Vozes, 2013.
Reigota M. Meio ambiente e representaÃ§Ã£o social. 8th ed. SÃ£o Paulo: Cortez, 2010.
Camargo BV, Justo AM. IRAMUTEQ: um software gratuito para anÃ¡lise de dados textuais. Temas psicol. 2013;21(2):513-8.
Sousa AFL, Queiroz AAFLN, Oliveira LB, Valle ARMC, Moura MEB. Social representations of community-acquired infection by primary care professionals. Acta paul enferm. 2015; 28(5):454-9.
Moura LKB, Marcaccini AM, Matos FTC, Sousa AFL, Nascimento GC, Moura MEB. J res fundam care online. Integrative review on oral cÃ¢ncer. 2014;6(5):164-175.
Moura LKB, Sousa AFL, Nascimento GC, Queiroz AAFLN, Sousa DM. Biosafety measures in dental procedures: an integrative review. J Nurs UFPE on line.2015; 9(10)1537-44
Sousa AFL, Queiroz AAFLN, Oliveira LB, Moura MEB, Batista OMA, Andrade D. Social representations of biosecurity in nursing: occupational health and preventive care. Rev Bras Enferm. 2016;69(5).
Kenneley IL. Infection control and the home care environment. Hom Health Care Manag Pract. 2010;22(3):195-201.
Gastmeie, P.Healthcare-associated versus community-acquired infections: A new challenge for science and society. International Journal of Medical Microbiology.2010;300(6):342 -5.
Barbosa MEM, Siqueira DC, Mantovani MF. Nosocomial infection control in ParanÃ¡: nurse's facilities and difficulties. Rev. SOBECC. 2012;17(3):50-9.
Valle ARMC, Andrade D, Sousa AFL, Carvalho PRM. Infection prevention and control in households: nursing challenges and implications. Acta paul enferm. 2016; 29(2):239-44.
Gradel,K.O, Nielsen, H.L, Schonheyder, H.C, Ejlertsen,T., Kristensen B, Nielsen H. Increased short- and long-term risk of inflammatory bowel disease after salmonella or campylobacter gastroenteritis.Gastroenterology. 2009;137:495â€“501.
Falsey AR, Hennessey PA, Formica MA, Cox C, Walsh EE. Respiratory syncytial virus infection in elderly and high-risk adults. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr 28;352(17):1749-59.
Victora CG, Barreto ML, Leal MC, Monteiro CA, Schmidt MI, Paim J, et al. Health conditions and health-policy innovations in Brazil: the way forward. 2011;377(9782): 2042â€“53.
Lacerda MR. AtenÃ§Ã£o Ã SaÃºde no DomicÃlio: modalidades que fundamentam sua prÃ¡tica. Rev SaÃºde Socied.2006;15(2):88-95.
Salluuh et al.Tratamento da pneumonia grave adquirida na comunidade no Brasil: anÃ¡lise secundÃ¡ria de um inquÃ©rito internacional.Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2015;27(1):57-61.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution LicenseÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open AccessÂ and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).