Social Representations of Community Infection by Nurses of the Family Health Strategy
Background: Community infection that is detected or incubating on admission act, since not related to a previous admission in the same hospital. These infections constitute a public health problem by the risk that people are exposed in the community. The evaluation of the risk of infection is a complex process involving clinical, psychosocial, and environmental data.
Aim: Apprehend the social representations of community infection by nurses of the Family Health Strategy.
Methods: Exploratory qualitative study, conducted from February to March of 2016 in 18 basic health units of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), the Northern Regional Directorate, the city of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, with 23 nurses. Data were collected through semi-structured interview, processed by software IRAMUTEQ and analyzed by descending hierarchical classification.
Results: The results were presented in two axes: Axis 1-The nurse in the prevention of infection in the Community Health Strategy, with the classes: Class 3-Measures to prevent infection Community; Class 4-Health education for the prevention of community infection; Class 5-Nurse Interventions for preventing infection Community; Axis 2 - Extrinsic factors and social determinants related to community infection, with the classes: Class 2-The concept of community infection; Class 1-Types of community-acquired infections; Class 6-Risk factors for community-acquired infection.
Conclusion: The knowledge developed and shared by the nurses of the Family Health Strategy on Community infection, rooted in the course of their professional practice, shows that the concept of community infection was not well built by professionals, referring only to unrelated infections to hospital.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).