Adherence of Older People with Diabetes to Self-Care Activities: a Study on Gender Differences
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is one of the main diseases affecting the elderly population, and the evaluation of adherence to the elderly self-care practices in diabetes is essential to reduce the occurrence of events considered preventable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-care activities for elderly people with diabetes mellitus and check the gender differences in adherence to these activities.
METHODS: Descriptive study conducted with 50 elderlies of both genders, assisted by a Family Health Unit in a city of Paraíba within November 2013 to January 2014. The data collection used the Diabetes Questionnaire of Self -Care Activities, adapted and validated for the Brazilian context from the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire.
RESULTS: The elderly population studied showed satisfactory adherence to self-care activities proposed by the instrument. There were no statistically significant differences between men and women in mean adherence to the activities of self-care with diabetes. Older women had higher scores for the dimensions “general and specific food” and “medication” and a lower score for the dimension “monitoring of blood glucose.” Men showed a greater adherence to the dimension “foot care” and lower adherence to the item “sweet ingested.”
CONCLUSION: The evaluated elderly have desirable self-care on the appropriate and important activities for the control of diabetes.
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