Adherence of Older People with Diabetes to Self-Care Activities: a Study on Gender Differences

  • Lidiany Galdino Felix Federal University of Campina Grande
  • Alyne Fernandes Bezerra Nurse Master’s Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Luana Gislene Herculano Lemos Substitute Professor at Federal University of Campina Grande. Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Rosângela Vidal de Negreiros Master in Nursing. Professor at Federal University of Campina Grande. Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Fabíola de Araújo Leite Medeiros Professor of the State University of Paraíba. Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Ana Paula Marques Andrade de Souza Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Alana Tamar Oliveira de Sousa Professor at Federal University of Campina Grande, Cuité, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Emanuelle Malzac Freire de Santana Master’s Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Karen Krystine Gonçalves de Brito Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Suellen Duarte de Oliveira Matos Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Smalyanna Sgren da Costa Andrade Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Mirian Alves da Silva Ph.D. in Nursing. Professor at Federal University of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Elizabeth Souza Silva de Aguiar Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Iraktania Vitorino Diniz Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Mona Lisa Cavalcante Cartaxo do Nascimento Nurse. Professor at College of Santa Emilia Rodat. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Bernadete de Lourdes André Gouveia Doctoral Degree student of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Maria Júlia Guimarães de Oliveira Soares Titular Ph.D. Professor of the Nursing Post-Graduation Program of Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is one of the main diseases affecting the elderly population, and the evaluation of adherence to the elderly self-care practices in diabetes is essential to reduce the occurrence of events considered preventable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-care activities for elderly people with diabetes mellitus and check the gender differences in adherence to these activities.


METHODS: Descriptive study conducted with 50 elderlies of both genders, assisted by a Family Health Unit in a city of Paraíba within November 2013 to January 2014. The data collection used the Diabetes Questionnaire of Self -Care Activities, adapted and validated for the Brazilian context from the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire.


RESULTS: The elderly population studied showed satisfactory adherence to self-care activities proposed by the instrument. There were no statistically significant differences between men and women in mean adherence to the activities of self-care with diabetes. Older women had higher scores for the dimensions “general and specific food” and “medication” and a lower score for the dimension “monitoring of blood glucose.” Men showed a greater adherence to the dimension “foot care” and lower adherence to the item “sweet ingested.”


CONCLUSION: The evaluated elderly have desirable self-care on the appropriate and important activities for the control of diabetes.

Published
Dec 19, 2016
How to Cite
FELIX, Lidiany Galdino et al. Adherence of Older People with Diabetes to Self-Care Activities: a Study on Gender Differences. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, dec. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1917>. Date accessed: 24 may 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2235.
Section
Primary Care

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus. Self-care. Elderly. Nursing care.