SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCES ON THERAPEUTIC METHODS IN TREATMENT OF FOURNIER'S GANGRENE
Introduction: Fournier's Gangrene consists of multi-bacterial rapid progression infection, involving genital, abdominal, and perineal region, promoting affected tissue necrosis. Considered a public health problem, compromises the patient life quality, and has high mortality coefficients.
Objective: Analyzing in the literature the therapeutic measures in patients diagnosed with Fournier's Gangrene.
Methodology: Integrative review from productions picked up in LILACS, IBECS, MEDLINE, PUBMED, and CUMED databases in the period 2005 to 2015. Fournier's Gangrene, Prevalence and Therapy descriptors in English and Portuguese were used. The search amounted to 765 productions, of which 17 were included as a sample for this study.
Results: The analysis regarding the publications enabled the construction of two thematic categories: demographic, epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients diagnosed with Fournier's Gangrene and the therapeutic modalities in treating Fournier's Gangrene. It was observed that the disease is prevalent in males, elderly, and people with diabetes mellitus. The treatment is based on antibiotics, surgical debridement, and skin reconstruction for the affected areas.
Conclusion: The diagnosis, assessment and multidisciplinary early intervention are essential to ensure proper treatment and life maintenance.
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