Characterization of People with Venous Ulcer Assisted at the Primary Health Care
Background: The venous ulcer is a severe public health problem that requires proper care and skilled professionals.
Objective: To characterize, as the sociodemographic, health and assistance aspects, adults and elderly with venous ulcers treated with the primary health care.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey conducted in primary health care of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from February to September/2014 with structured interview compound of sociodemographic and bio-physiological measures. The research followed the ethical precepts.
Results: Of the total, 61.4% were aged greater or equal to 60 years old. Among the elderly, women predominated (p=0.011), with a partner (p=0.025), primary education (p=0.016), no occupation (p<0.001), non-alcoholic (p=0.029), with diabetes mellitus (p=0.002) and hypertension (p=0.001). As for the health and assistance aspects, there was a tendency of worse outcomes among the elderly.
Conclusion: There was a majority of elderly women, without occupation, with a partner, low income, comorbidity, venous ulcer time more than one year, recurrence and pain. It was evident the need for comprehensive care to people with venous ulcers, especially the elderly.
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