Major infections in hospitalized patients with stroke: a prospective study

  • Flavia Mendes de Sá Msc, Nurse, Post-Graduate Program, Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP.
  • Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes PhD, Assistant Professor, Nursing Department, Faculty of Medicine of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP.
  • Alessandro Lia Mondelli M.D., Assistant Professor, Medical Clinic Department, Faculty of Medicine of Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP.

Abstract

Objective: to describe the occurrence of infection in patients with stroke. Materials and Methods: a cohort prospective study of 143 patients admitted to a stroke unit from december / 2014 to june / 2015. Results: the mean age was 67.8 years with history of hypertension and ischemic stroke; the main infections were related to the respiratory (8.4%) and urinary tract (7.7%); the invasive devices used, were: peripheral venous access (95.1%) and  nasoenteral tube (31.25%); the prevalent microorganisms were escherichia coli and MRSA. Protections to occurrence of infection were related to:  non-alcoholic patients and non- HIV infection carriers; non-use of urinary catheter and endotracheal intubation (p> 0.05); presence of hemorrhagic stroke predisposed to occurrence of urinary tract infection (p> 0.05). Conclusion:  prognosis of the patient depends on the type of stroke and occurrence of infections related to health care.


 

Published
Oct 16, 2016
How to Cite
DE SÁ, Flavia Mendes; FONTES, Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello; MONDELLI, Alessandro Lia. Major infections in hospitalized patients with stroke: a prospective study. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, oct. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1870>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2106.
Section
Infectious Diseases

Keywords

stroke; infection; risk.