Pap Smears: Frequency of Gardnerella Vaginalis, Candida spp., Trichomonas Vaginalis and Pill Use or Copper Intrauterine Device Use

  • Jose Antonio Barreto Alves Federal University of Sergipe
  • Mariangela da Silva Nunes
  • Ricardo Fakhouri
  • Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho
  • Maria do Carmo de Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Thiago dos Santos Valença
  • Alberto Correa de Vasconcellos
  • Alanna Gleice Carvalho Fontes Lima
  • Patricia Oliveira Santos
  • Murilo Marchioro
  • Gladslene Goes Santos Frazão
  • Andreia Centenaro Vaez
  • Karine Vaccaro Tako

Abstract

Objective: To verify the frequency of Gardnerella vaginalis, Candida sp. Trichomonas vaginalis in pap smears  and the presence of these when using the copper intrauterine device or  the oral contraceptive.


Method: The analysis of 119 312 examinations of women seen by the public health system in the Northeast region of Brazil from the period from January 2006 to December 2010. The variables analyzed were age, frequency of microorganisms, contraceptive use, type of contraception adopted correlated with the presence of microorganisms.


Results: The average age among the women was 33.4 ± 11.15 years. The most frequent microorganism, Gardnerella vaginalis, was found in 16,137 examinations, followed by Candida spp. in Trichomonas vaginalis and the 12,661 in 2023. The use of oral contraceptives was found in 21,792 women, and these, showed the presence of Gardnerella vaginalis in 1054, Candida spp. and Trichomonas vaginalis in 687 in 133 tests. Regarding the use of use of copper intrauterine device, used by 18,894 women, the presence of Gardnerella vaginalis  was detected in 964, Candida spp. and Trichomonas vaginalis in 595 in 122 of the cases.


Conclusion: The presence of microorganisms associated with contraceptive use is evident, in particular, Garnerella vaginalis which is more common in both kinds of contraception methods adopted by women.

Published
Dec 30, 2016
How to Cite
ALVES, Jose Antonio Barreto et al. Pap Smears: Frequency of Gardnerella Vaginalis, Candida spp., Trichomonas Vaginalis and Pill Use or Copper Intrauterine Device Use. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, dec. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1830>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2231.
Section
Microbiology

Keywords

Gardnerella vaginalis; Intrauterine device; Vaginitis; Abnormal vaginal flora; Vaginal Smears.

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