Food Consumption by College Students

  • Ana Karine Girão Lima Federal University of Ceara. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Maria Amélia de Souza Federal University of Pernambuco.Recife-PE.
  • Márcio Flávio Moura de Araújo University of International Lusophone African Brazilian. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Adman Camara Soares Lima Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Maria Luisa Pereira de Melo Ceara State University. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Marianne Maia Dutra Balsells Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Mariana Brito de Aguiar Lima Martins Ceara State University. Fortaleza-Ce.
  • Karizia Vilanova Andrade Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Samla Sena da Silva Souza Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Tarsia Vitória de Araújo Joaquim Gadelha Ceara State University. Fortaleza-CE.
  • Marta Maria Coelho Damasceno Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza-CE.

Abstract

Objective: To assess food consumption by college students regarding the frequency and type of food eaten. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 203 students. The research instrument was a questionnaire with sociodemographic and academic life data, and the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). For the data analysis was used descriptive statistics, chi-square test of Pearson, Fisher exact, linear trend and prevalence ratio. Statistical significance of 5% was adopted. Results: Most participants were female, aged 20 to 24 years, enrolled between the 2nd and the 4th year of college, 52.2% of the students who did not eat fruit daily also did not eat vegetables daily (p = 0.01), there was positive association in the consumption of rice and beans with economic class, individuals in class C showed 1.7 times more likely to ingest this combination than class A (p = 0.00). Limitations occurred because this is a cross design study, not allowing to establish causal relationships; took place only at a single university in Fortaleza-CE; were not surveyed the intrinsic motivations of each individual to food consumption limited determining the dietary habits profile of college students. Conclusion: University students who do not consume fruits also tend to not eat vegetables. It is recommended to be implemented in universities nationwide intervention research aimed at bringing about changes in eating habits, seeking to improve the quality of life of undergraduate students from Brazil.

DESCRIPTORS: Food consumption. Health promotion. Nursing in public health. Nursing students, nursing primary care.

Published
Aug 15, 2016
How to Cite
LIMA, Ana Karine Girão et al. Food Consumption by College Students. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, aug. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1826>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2064.
Section
Nursing

Keywords

Food Consumption. Health Promotion. Nursing in Public Health. Nursing Students, Nursing Primary Care