Profile of Elderly Diagnosed with Tuberculosis in a Reference Hospital in Brazil

  • Edna Marília Nóbrega Fonseca de Araújo Nurse, Elderly`s Health Resident at the Lauro Wanderley University Hospital, Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Édija Anália Rodrigues de Lima Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. Assistant Professor of Nursing of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Cuité, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Janaína von Söhsten Trigueiro Nurse and phonoaudiologist., PhD in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. Assistant Professor of Nursing of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Cuité, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Renata Figueiredo Ramalho Costa de Souza Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Rodrigo Pinheiro Fernandes de Queiroga Nurse, PhD in Nursing from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
  • Tatiana Pimentel de Andrade Batista Physician, Master in nursing`s studant of Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Arieli Rodrigues Nóbrega Videres Nurse. PhD student of the Post Graduate Program in Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. Assistant Professor of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Sthephanie de Santana Abreu Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Lilia de Medeiros Alcantara Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Ana Maria Cavalcante Lopes Nurse, PhD in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraíba. Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Nursing and Psychiatry of the Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Lenilde Duarte de Sá Nurse, Post-Doctor in Nursing, Ribeirão Preto School of Nursing, University of São Paulo (EERP-USP). Professor of the Department of Public Health Nursing and Psychiatry of the Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: The increase in life expectancy shall be related to the higher number of tuberculosis cases, which, in spite of its curableness, still stand as a major challenge for public healthcare in several countries.


Objective: We sought to characterize the profile of elderly with the referred disease diagnosed in a reference hospital, residents of the city of João Pessoa-Paraíba-Brazil.


Method: It was a documental, descriptive, retrospective study with a quantitative approach which utilized the Epiinfo software, version 3.3.1 so as to systematize the data.


Results: The sample includes 169 diagnosis records of elderly with pulmonic tuberculosis, between the years of 2011 and 2013, of whom 6,5% are residents of the city of Bayeux, 12,4% Santa Rita, 3,6% Cabedelo, and 77,5% João Pessoa; The majority were male (65,1%), married (54,5%), with low education background (32,5%), non-institutionalized (79,9%), and actives (47,9%); of those, 32,5% were directed to reference service by another hospital unit. Among the associated comorbidities, we highlight alcoholism (25,5) and smoking (27,3%). Diabetes had higher rates in females (39,0%). The relevant symptom was coughing (66,1%); As for the closure, only 55,0% of the elderly were discharged from hospitals after cured, 10,7% died, and 11,2% abandoned treatment.


Conclusion: Describing the profile of elderly diagnosed with tuberculosis is relevant for public health. The results obtained are used to propose improvements in the care of the health service, allowing a treatment geared to the peculiarities of elderly people suffering from tuberculosis and actions to reduce cases of the disease in this population.

Published
Dec 21, 2016
How to Cite
ARAÚJO, Edna Marília Nóbrega Fonseca de et al. Profile of Elderly Diagnosed with Tuberculosis in a Reference Hospital in Brazil. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, dec. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1818>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2091.
Section
Infectious Diseases

Keywords

Tuberculosis; Elderly; Delivery Health care