Association between the Sexual Activity and Acquired Immunity Markers in Women with Aids in a Brazilian Northeast County

  • Pedro Mário Lemos Silva Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Maria Bethânia Costa Chein Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Jacira Nascimento Serra Universidade CEUMA
  • Maria Teresa Seabra Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Raimundo Antônio Silva Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Luciane Maria Oliveira Brito Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Rita Graça Carvallhal Frazão Corrêa Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Flávia Helena Furtado Loureiro Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Ana Paula Matos Ferreira Universidade Federal do Maranhão
  • Claudia Regina de Andrade Arrais
  • Antonia Iracilda e Silva Viana

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) comes along the years promoting inversion of the relation men/women, committing mainly the productive and reproductive life phase women. The sexuality, inherent upon human being, has in the expression of satisfaction of the sexual performance the possibility of providing several benefits in the quality of life of people, and CD4+ T- lymphocytes are the main marker of immunity of the women living with Aids. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to show up the association between the CD4 count and the sexual performance of women living with AIDS in Imperatriz city. METHODOLOGY: cross-sectional analytical study, carried out in 10 months, selecting women  using antiretroviral therapy at least six months, including those older than 18, having sexual practice before having AIDS, able to answer two questionnaires. Socio-demographic facts were recorded in own form, and sexual performance in the FSFI questionnaire. The sample based in 479 women, sampling error 5%, confidence interval 95%, alpha value ≤ 5%, included 149 women. Chi-square test was used to evaluate the association between the variables. RESULT: The larger FSFI score means and medians coincided with the highest means of CD4 T- lymphocyte count (Kruskal Wallis test, p = 0.0347), and a positive association between FSFI and the CD4 / CD8 ratio (Spearman test, p = 0.0264), confirming the alternative hypothesis. CONCLUSION: In this sample there was a positive association between sexual performance /sexual activity, with or without a condom, with CD4 T- lymphocyte count and CD4 / CD8 ratio.
 
Published
Oct 3, 2016
How to Cite
LEMOS SILVA, Pedro Mário et al. Association between the Sexual Activity and Acquired Immunity Markers in Women with Aids in a Brazilian Northeast County. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, oct. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1814>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2074.
Section
Immunology

Keywords

Aids, sexual activity, immunity