Application and Validation of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale – Short Form (BSES - SF) in Adolescent Mothers

  • Livia Maria Damasceno dos Santos Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Rebeca Silveira Rocha Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Anne Fayma Lopes Chaves Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Hilana Dayana Dodou Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Ana Rita Pimentel Castelo Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Sabrine Rodrigues Feitoza Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Andressa Peripolli Rodrigues Federal Institute Farroupilha/ Campus St. Angelo of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Fabiane do Amaral Gubert Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Abstract

Objectives: Check the reliability and validity of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale - Short Form (BSES-SF) in Brazilian adolecent puerperal mothers who have recently given birth; and evaluate the association of scores of the BSES-SF with the socioeconomic and obstetric variables of the studied population.

Methods: Methodological and quantitative study developed in a public maternity in Fortaleza involving 79 adolescent puerperal mothers. The BSES-SF and a form with socioeconomic and obstetric variables were used. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program, considering the Cronbach's Alpha (α) as a measure of reliability, and Pearson's correlation, with significance of 5%.

Results: The BSES-SF is a reliable and valid measure (α = 0.807). The teenagers proved to be confident about the practice of breastfeeding (56.15 points). Only education level showed significant association with maternal self-efficacy of adolescents in breastfeeding (p = 0.032).

Conclusion: The BSES-SF is a safe and effective tool in the detection of self-efficacy of adolescent mothers in breastfeeding, favoring their assistance in the process of breastfeeding and, hence, the reduction of early weaning.

Key words: Breastfeeding; Self-efficacy; Adolescents; Reliability and Validity.

Published
Aug 29, 2016
How to Cite
SANTOS, Livia Maria Damasceno dos et al. Application and Validation of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale – Short Form (BSES - SF) in Adolescent Mothers. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, aug. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1804>. Date accessed: 24 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2078.
Section
Nursing

Keywords

Breastfeeding; Self-efficacy; Adolescents; Reliability and Validity.