Self-Care and Empowerment in Postpartum: Social Representations of Puerperae
INTRODUCTION: The puerperal period occurs when starting the restoration of the woman's body after the situation of pregnancy phase, with a transition period in which mothers need to practice self-care for their own benefit, welfare, and health. The care of health professionals in this period should involve guidance to postpartum women, so they understand the importance of taking care of themselves and become able to perform self-care. The aim of this study was to investigate the social representations of puerperal women about self-care and their relationship to the empowerment postpartum. METHOD: This is a descriptive and a qualitative study conducted with 19 mothers from five family health centers. We used the Theory of Social Representations as theoretical and lexical analysis method, using ALCESTE software - version 2012. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Self-care of mothers is surrounded by influences, beliefs and practices, which are derived from the experiences of other women in the family and social environment. The contents of the social representations of puerperal women about self-care announce that it is mainly related to the biological dimension of women, valuing the care of the body. CONCLUSION: Nursing must provide the necessary support for the postpartum women, so they feel able to perform self-care and encourage their own empowerment, developing their autonomy, knowledge and skills so they can have greater control over the factors that affect their health and are trained to the practice of self-care.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).