Information about Psychoactive Substances and Visually Impaired People: a Comparative Study between Brazil and Portugal

  • Fernanda Jorge Guimarães Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • António Luís Rodrigues Faria de Carvalho Escola de Enfermagem do Porto
  • Paulo César de Almeida Universidade Estadual do Ceará
  • Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca Universidade Federal do Ceará

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to compare the information on psychoactive substances for visually impaired people in Brazil and Portugal.


Method: Study with a quantitative approach, before-and-after type, held in institutions that provide care to people with visual impairment in Brazilian cities and in Porto, Portugal. Data were collected through information tests and analyzed by using the statistical software SPSS version 19.


Results: 62 people participated, equally distributed between the two countries, of which, in Brazil, all are blind and in Portugal 67.7% are blind 32.3% and have low vision. The average age in Brazil was 34.94 years old and in Portugal, 51.48 years old. The average of years of schooling was 14.81 in Brazil and 9.58 years in Portugal. In Brazil, 54.8% said they had information about psychoactive substances, in Portugal, 90.3%. In Brazil, there was a higher proportion of correct answers on questions that address addiction issues, problems related to drug use, specific effects of cocaine. In Portugal, there was a higher proportion of correct answers on issues related to factors that contribute to the use of substances, the effects of alcohol and tobacco and addiction.  


Conclusion: The information about psychoactive substances is similar in the two study places.

Published
Nov 13, 2016
How to Cite
GUIMARÃES, Fernanda Jorge et al. Information about Psychoactive Substances and Visually Impaired People: a Comparative Study between Brazil and Portugal. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, nov. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1752>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/2157.
Section
Global Health & Health Policy

Keywords

information; disorders related to use of substances; visually impaired.

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