Factors related to hospitalization of elderly in Intensive Care Units
Objective: to analyze the factors related to hospitalization of elderly in Intensive Care Unit.
Method: integrative literature review performed in BDENF, Medline and ScienceDirect databases. We selected 11 articles published from 2008 to 2015 that met the inclusion criteria. Data were processed in IRAMUTEC software.
Results: results are presented in 05 classes, as follows: Class 1- Use of systems to assess the level of severity for ICU patients; Class 2 - Length of stay of elderly in ICUs; Class 3 - Old age and underlying diseases in patients treated in ICUs; Class 4 - The main clinical outcomes of admission of elderly in ICU; Class 5 - The care provided to elderly in the ICU.
Conclusion: the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II) model was the most used in elderly patients admitted to intensive care units, the prolonged length of stay is associated with worse prognosis, especially in patients with underlying diseases, and the postoperative period is the main cause of admission.
Keywords: Intensive Care Unit, hospitalization, elderly.
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