Obstetric History and Maternal Complications related to Preterm Birth


  • Gracimary Alves Teixeira Endereço: Avenida Senador Salgado Filho, s/n - Lagoa Nova, Natal - RN, Brasil, CEP:59078-970
  • Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho
  • Thais Rosental Gabriel Lopes
  • Flavio Cesar Bezerra da Silva
  • Silvana Alves Pereira
  • Larissa Mendonça Torres
  • Juliana de Almeida Leandro Bezerra




Infant, premature, Risk factors, Causality, Obstetric nursing.


Objective: To summarize knowledge produced in scientific articles about obstetric history, maternal complications and types of pregnancy as risk factors related to preterm birth. Method: an integrative review conducted in February and March 2015, through databases: lilacs, CINAHL and Pubmed. For this it was used the Mesh descriptors: Infant, premature; Risk factors and Causality, having been found studies 50,528. After assessment of methodological rigor and level of evidence of the studies 32 articles were selected. Results: Among the risk factors associated to preterm birth highlighted the previous history of prematurity. Also emerged: hypertensive disease by eclampsia and eclampsia no, genitourinary infection and antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy. Conclusion: Maternal complications are subject to screening, treatment and prevention. In addition, obstetric history of risk can be identified in a timely manner to reduce morbidity and mortality both mother and neonatal.

Author Biographies

Gracimary Alves Teixeira, Endereço: Avenida Senador Salgado Filho, s/n - Lagoa Nova, Natal - RN, Brasil, CEP:59078-970

Enfermeira neonatologista. Doutoranda pelo Programa de Pós-graduação da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Bolsista CAPES.

Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho

Enfermeira obstétra. Doutora em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Professora do Programa de Pós-graduação e da Escola de Saúde da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Thais Rosental Gabriel Lopes

Enfermeira. Mestranda pelo Programa de Pós-graduação da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Bolsista CAPES.

Flavio Cesar Bezerra da Silva

Enfermeiro obstétra. Doutor em Enfermagem pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Professora da Escola de Saúde da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Silvana Alves Pereira

Fisioterapeuta. Pós doutoranda em Neurociências e Comportamento, pela Universidade de São Paulo-USP. Especialista em Fisioterapia em Terapia Intensiva - Neonatologia e Pediatria pelo COFFITO/ASSOBRAFIR. Professora Adjunto do Curso de Fisioterapia e Residência Multiprofissional da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, UFRN/FACISA/HUAB. 

Larissa Mendonça Torres

Enfermeira. Mestranda pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Professora da Universidade Potiguar  da graduação em Enfermagem,


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