Obstetric History and Maternal Complications related to Preterm Birth
Objective: To summarize knowledge produced in scientific articles about obstetric history, maternal complications and types of pregnancy as risk factors related to preterm birth. Method: an integrative review conducted in February and March 2015, through databases: lilacs, CINAHL and Pubmed. For this it was used the Mesh descriptors: Infant, premature; Risk factors and Causality, having been found studies 50,528. After assessment of methodological rigor and level of evidence of the studies 32 articles were selected. Results: Among the risk factors associated to preterm birth highlighted the previous history of prematurity. Also emerged: hypertensive disease by eclampsia and eclampsia no, genitourinary infection and antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy. Conclusion: Maternal complications are subject to screening, treatment and prevention. In addition, obstetric history of risk can be identified in a timely manner to reduce morbidity and mortality both mother and neonatal.
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