Care Technology Used by Nurses in the Mental Health Services: Integrative Review
The importance of knowing the technologies used in mental health services and the urgency of their recognition for the development of psychiatric nursing care is highlighted in the scientific literature on care technologies.
Objetivo: To know the types of technologies that nurses have developed or used in mental health care services.
Method: Literature integrative review carried out in the databases BDENF, LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, and MEDLINE, using the nursing keywords, health technology, and psychiatric nursing. There were 16 articles selected, included in the period 2000 to 2015.
Results: It was identified that in psychiatric nursing care, there are two types of technologies used: soft and soft-hard with emphasis on the soft technology. As soft technologies, there is health education of the patient, bond, care, therapeutic groups and qualified listening. As the soft-hard technologies, there are home visits, medical care, nursing process, nursing care management and nursing process.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the care technologies are a reality in nursing care practice, experiencing the challenge to keep up with the technological development without neglecting the ethical and humanitarian aspects intrinsic to the profession. It was realized the care improvement in the area of psychiatric nursing provided by the technology care.
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