Depressive symptoms and alcohol and drugs consumption in the female universe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of psychoactive substances has been historically associated to the male population but, there is evidence that the harm caused by these substances are more intense in women, including psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol and drugs in the female universe. METHOD: This is a descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study with a sample of 23 women. Data collection was conducted in August and September 2015, in the Basic Health Units of the municipality of Picos - PI. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. RESULTS: predominant age group of 20 to 39 years, of which 39.1% were married and 56.5% are in work activities. We found an association between depressive symptoms and alcohol use (p = 0.031) and other drugs (p = 0.042) and showed that women with depressive symptoms exhibited a pattern of heavier alcohol consumption (mean = 9.36 points). CONCLUSION: it is necessary to train professionals in order to identify the main risk factors, enhance prevention and improve care.
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