Profile of Caregivers of Institutionalized Elders
Introduction: The aging process of the population causes several transformations in the social, cultural and health context. The demand for gerontological care increases and, due to that, homes for the aged emerge as an alternative housing for the elderly who do not have enough support at this new life stage or for those who opt to live there.
Objective: This study aimed at describing the profile of caregivers of elderly people who live in homes for the aged in the metropolitan region of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
Method: This is a descriptive, exploratory and quantitative research that was carried out between November/2012 and January/2014 in 11 institutions, composed by a sample of 26 caregivers. Two semi-structured questionnaires were used for data collection; Word Excel 2007 was used for selection and categorization of the data and SPSS was used for descriptive analysis.
Results: The age range of the caregivers was between 25 and 82 years old. 88.5% are female; 38.5% are married; 19.23% of them reported receiving specific education to become caregivers and most of them (69.23%) did not acquire any sort of qualification.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the hiring and qualification of caregivers is necessary for the direct work with the institutionalized elderly, which will greatly influence the assistance to be provided in these institutions, resulting in improving the health of all older people living there.
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