Epidemiological and temporal analysis of leprosy in a Brazilian endemic state
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is endemic in Brazil, while the number of diagnosed cases of the disease has made considerable decrease since the implementation of treatment with multidrug therapy. The objective of this research, analyze time trends in sociodemographic and clinical-epidemiological profile of leprosy in Paraíba, in the 2001-2011 period, and identify differences between the epidemiological trends within the period. METHODS: Epidemiological study of time, retrospective and documentary based series, produced using secondary data and Notification Diseases Information System. RESULTS: They evaluated data on 10.476 Sheets Notification single, between the years 2001-2011, based on descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed statistically significant differences between the two areas evaluated time, starting with the suggestive reduction of 42.7% of cases in P2 (2007-2011), although this timeline, the clinical characterization refers to the most serious states or late leprosy. CONCLUSION: Leprosy remains a relevant epidemiological dilemma, especially in view of the increase in the proportion of MB cases, glimpsed for the period studied.
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