Prevalence and Risk Factors for Pressure Ulcer in Hospitalized Adults
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers represent a serious public health problem, serving as a quality indicator (negative) the assistance provided by the health services. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of pressure ulcers in the Intensive Care Unit of a University Hospital in João Pessoa-PB and check the associations between socio-demographic and clinical data of customers and risk factors for the development of these. METHODS: The study of the sectional, quantitative, carried out with 78 patients in the Intensive Care Unit of a University Hospital in João Pessoa. Data were collected from medical record information from January to December 2014. RESULTS: Ten patients had pressure ulcers, and 6 already admitted with injuries and the 4 developed during hospitalization in the studied sector. The prevalence of these lesions in the sample was 12.8%. Has been identified as risk factors associated with pressure ulcer (p <0.05) the reason for hospitalization, pre-existing conditions, level of consciousness, ventilation, peripheral perfusion, hydration and the use of antidepressant/anti-inflammatory drugs. CONCLUSION: The results underscore the importance of this study for academic and professional environment, with regard to the promotion of knowledge of some risk variables for ulcers, being able to influence behavior and thus expand excellence in care. The involvement of the whole multidisciplinary team regarding the prevention, improves the quality of life of individuals, decreases the rescue professionals, the burden of treatment and hospitalization time.
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