Quality of Life Regarding People with an Ostomy: Integrative Review about Related Factors
AbstractObjective: Analyze the studies which present aspects related to the quality of life of patients with an ostomy. Method: It is about an integrative review in databases of the literature held in the Latin American Literature and Caribbean health sciences, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Nursing Database, PubMed Central, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and SciVerse Scopus. Controlled keywords of the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) were used: “Ostomy” and “Quality of life”. The additional factors were: scientific articles that measure the QOL of people with an ostomy and/or scientific articles that show at least one aspect which affects the QOL of those people. After the analysis, the final sample was composed of 41 articles that passed through statistical analysis to identify the factors that best associated and correlated to the life quality of patients with an ostomy. Results: International studies with the level of evidence VI were predominant. 40 factors associated with the QOL of people with an ostomy were observed and subdivided into the domains: sociodemographic, clinical, physical, psychological and social. Conclusion: The main factors related to the quality of life of patients with an ostomy were: age, income, gender, change in physical and in sexual function (p<0,001). However, as it is about a review study, it needs the validation of the factors that most stand out in this theme.
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