Factors Associated with Risk of Infection in Hospitalized Patients with Cancer: an Integrative Review
Background: To identify through the scientific literature, the risk factors of the nursing diagnosis “risk of infection” in studies conducted in hospitalized cancer patients.
Method: This is an integrative literature review performed in databases Latin American Literature in Health Sciences; PubMedCentral, Cumulative Index toNursingandAllied Health Literature; Medical LiteratureAnalysis and Retrieval System Online; Scopus Info Site; Web of Science; Nursing Databases; and Bibliographical Index Español de Ciencias de la Salud in January 2016, using the keywords of Health Sciences and Medical Subject Headings: (Neoplasms OR Cancer), "Cross Infection", "Risk Factors". Inclusion criteria were scientific articles available in full, with results of at least one risk factor for the nursing diagnosis studied in patients aged 18 years of age or older. After the analysis, the final sample consisted of 59 articles.
Results: predominated studies outside Brazil with the level of evidence III.2. Out of 19 risk factors for diagnosis, 11 were identified in the literature for this population.
Conclusion: in studies of hospitalized cancer population, risk factors of nursing diagnosis “risk of infection” were found.
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