Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Malaysian Diabetic Patients
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a significant health problem that can lead to macrovascular complications mainly cardiovascular disease which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients.
Aims: The aim of this research is to study the health problems among Malaysian diabetic patients and to recognize the predictors for cardiovascular disease among those patients.
Study Design: cross sectional study.
Methods: A retrospective review analysis of the records of diabetic patients who attended the XXX in 2010 was conducted. Two hundred and forty five diabetic patients’ records were reviewed.
Results: Cardiovascular disease was reported in 19.6 %. Those with cardiovascular disease have a longer duration of diabetes than those without cardiovascular disease (P=0.03). Total cholesterol level was higher among diabetics with cardiovascular disease than in those without cardiovascular disease (P=0.02). High density lipoprotein cholesterol level was lower among diabetics with cardiovascular disease (P=0.01).
Conclusion: Predictors of cardiovascular disease were family history of premature cardiovascular disease, age risk, total cholesterol, low high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and duration of diabetes.
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