Diabetes Mellitus in Climacteric: Prevalence and Sociodemographic Characteristics

  • Alberto Oliveira da Costa Mota Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Raissa Oliveira Coelho Nunes Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Claudia Jeane Lopes Pimenta Bachelor of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Francisco Geyson Fontenele Albuquerque Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Letícia Sampaio Chaves Silva Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Andreia Cristina Campigotto Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Francisco Fábio Marques da Silva Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Kévia Katiúcia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: the changes caused by menopause and the duration of this period in women's lives are of great scientific relevance, and achieving a better understanding of diseases such as diabetes prevalent in the climacteric and the risk factors associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases is essential.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in climacteric women, correlating socioeconomic and demographic variables.

Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed in 14 Family Health Units (USF) in the urban area of the municipality of Cajazeiras/Paraíba, Brazil, with 396 women. Data were collected in interviews using a structured questionnaire, and the variables were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).

Results: There was prevalence of DM in 11.6% (n = 396) of the climacteric women, who had DM as a single disease or associated with other diseases. Regarding the sociodemographic profiles and lifestyles of the diabetic women, it became evident that the 46 participants were on average 52.1 years old; had 5.2 years of formal education and per capita income of 0.7 minimum wage; 43.5% were in paid employment; 65.2% had a fixed partner; 23.9% reported being smokers; 15.2% reported use of alcohol; 73.9% said they were sedentary and 76.1% were overweight/obese.

Conclusion: The relationship between the presence of risk factors, especially those associated with physical inactivity and overweight, and the prevalence of diabetes and other diseases in the climacteric was strengthened.

 

Published
May 25, 2016
How to Cite
MOTA, Alberto Oliveira da Costa et al. Diabetes Mellitus in Climacteric: Prevalence and Sociodemographic Characteristics. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, may 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1601>. Date accessed: 24 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1960.
Section
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Keywords

Diabetic; Climacteric; Community Health Services.

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