Metabolic Syndrome: Individual Components in Women who Had Preeclampsia History and Normal Risk Pregnancy

  • Ana Cristina Araújo de Andrade Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho Universidade federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Flávio César Bezerra da Silva Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Maria de Lourdes Costa da Silva Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Nilba Lima de Souza Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Gracimary Alves Teixeira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
  • Ana Cristina Pinheiro Fernandes de Araújo Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy and childbirth that can contribute to the late onset of cardiovascular risk factors, among which the metabolic syndrome. Objective: identifying the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components in women who had preeclampsia and normal risk of pregnancy, evaluated five years after delivery. Method: analytical and descriptive, cross-sectional study with data collection conducted from March to December 2011 in a maternity hospital school, Natal-RN-Brazil. The sample included 70 women who had previous preeclampsia and 75 with normal pregnancy, selected by simple random probability sampling method. Results: It appeared as a cardiovascular risk factor, with statistical significance for metabolic syndrome p = 0.042, but also the fasting glucose levels p = 0.030, HDL cholesterol p = 0.049, systolic and diastolic pressure p <0.001. Conclusion: Therefore, preeclampsia appears as a potential risk factor for metabolic syndrome. Hence as long-term cardiovascular risk factor.

Published
Jul 14, 2016
How to Cite
ANDRADE, Ana Cristina Araújo de et al. Metabolic Syndrome: Individual Components in Women who Had Preeclampsia History and Normal Risk Pregnancy. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, july 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1566>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1995.
Section
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Keywords

Metabolic Syndrome X; Pre-eclampsia; Insulinresistence; Cardiovascular Diseases.

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