Personal and Behavioral Determinants of Active Aging

  • Wiliana Aparecida Alves da Silva Nurse, Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Keylla Talitha Fernandes Barbosa Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraiba, Brazil, Doctoral Student of the Postgraduate Nursing Program at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Fabiana Maria Rodrigues Lopes de Oliveira Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraiba, Brazil, Doctoral Student of the Postgraduate Nursing Program at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Fabiana Medeiros de Brito Nurse, Master in Nursing from the Federal University of Paraiba – UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Sigrid Shally Nascimento de Lyra Ramos Nurse, Master’s Student of the Postgraduate Nursing Program at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Amanda Melo Fernandes Student of Medicine at the Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Sanni Moraes de Oliveira Nursing Graduation Student at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Natália Fontana Nursing Graduation Student at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Henrique José Moreira de Lacerda Nursing Graduation Student at the Federal University of Paraiba - UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Laedna Carvalho de Soares Nurse strategy of family health in the municipality of Pedras de Fogo, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Tainara Barbosa Nunes Nurse strategy of family health in the municipality of Guarabira, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria das Graças Melo Fernandes Nurse, Doctor in Sociology, Teacher of the Graduate Program in Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba – UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: the aging process is related to the multidimensional changes that converge on the involvement of disability and caring dependency, thus corroborating with the loss of independence in older people. Active aging emerges as a strategy to achieve the quality of life, being permeated and influenced by determinant factors such as personal and behavioral.

Objective: measure the determinants factors personal and behavioral of active aging among the elderly. Methods: a descriptive and exploratory study with a quantitative approach, developed with assisted elderly in the Integral Care Center for Elderly Health in the city of João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. The sample consisted by 235 elderly. Data collection was conducted from October to December 2014, through interviews subsidized by a structured instrument covering related information to the proposed objective. Data were analyzed from the quantitative approach using descriptive statistics of unvaried nature for both variables, including frequency measures, from position and dispersion. To do this, was used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Computer System - SPSS version 20.0.

Results: it was verified that the majority of the sample were female (68.1%) with a predominance of the age group from 60 to 69 (59.1%). As for the personal determinants was found the hypertension (28.4%), osteoporosis (20.4%) and arthritis (19.2%) as the most prevalent morbidities, in addition to the falls occurrence (41.5%) in the last twelve months. A high living satisfaction (44.7%), and leisure activities execution, such as watching television (38.5%), listening to the radio (26.3%) and reading newspapers or magazines (20.5%) was also observed. As regards to the behavioral determinants, it was found that most elderly had never smoked (54%), or consumed alcohol (90.2%), and made use of diet (28.8%) and healthy food (26.7%). However, most did not practice physical exercise (60%) and used one to two drugs per day (38.6%). Conclusion: it was verified the prevalence of personal and behavioral determinants more frequently among women and young adults, allowing thereby the expanding about active aging, as well as reflection, discussion and planning of actions and cares directed to this population.

 

Published
Jul 7, 2016
How to Cite
SILVA, Wiliana Aparecida Alves da et al. Personal and Behavioral Determinants of Active Aging. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, july 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1540>. Date accessed: 23 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1943.
Section
Global Health & Health Policy

Keywords

Nursery; Active aging; Elderly.