Quality of Life of Patients with HIV/Tuberculosis Coinfection Experiencing Nursing Consultation
Background: The aim was to evaluate changes that systematic nursing consultations based on Orem’s theory create in quality of life of people that live with HIV, and who are under tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Method: A study developed in Fortaleza, in northeastern Brazil, from September 2009 until October 2010. A group of 96 people infected by HIV and in TB treatment participated. And 48 integrated the exposed group, which was monitored by nursing consultations based on Orem’s theory. The other participants were in the non-exposed group, monitored by conventional treatment. An instrument for socio-demographic and clinic evaluation and the HAT-QoL for quality of life evaluation before and after tuberculosis treatment were used for data collection. Findings: Among individuals followed by nursing consultation using the Orem foundation, significant improvement was evidenced at the end of the monitoring in the domains: health concerns (p = 0.000), general activity (p = 0.000), life satisfaction (p = 0.000), HIV awareness (p = 0.000), and confidentiality concern (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Findings indicated significant improvement of the quality of life indicators evaluated for the intervention group, with the exception of sexual function and financial concerns, aspects that require specific, intersectoral, continued actions.
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