Medical Conditions and Risks Associated with Pressure Ulcers

  • Maria do Livramento Silva Master in nursing. Nurse at the Hospital of the military police General EdsonRamalho.
  • Simone Helena dos Santos Oliveira PhD in Nursing. Teacher at the Federal University of Paraíba.
  • Edienne Rosângela Sarmento Diniz Master in nursing. Nurse at the children's Hospital Luis Marques
  • Marta Miriam Lopes Costa PhD in Sociology. Teacher at the Federal University of Paraíba.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher's Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria Julia Guimarães Oliveira Soares PhD in Nursing. Teacher at the Federal University of Paraíba.

Abstract

Introduction: pressure ulcers constitute a grievance inherent in bedridden patients, with little or no mobility.

Objetivo: to determine the pressure ulcers prevalence and analyze their association to clinical conditions and to risk factors in intensive care unit (ICU) patients.

Method: it is a prospective and quantitative study, conducted with 45 patients in the public hospital ICU in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Data were collected through hospital records, physical examination and the Braden Scale application. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and association tests.

Results: it presented a 37.8% pressure ulcers prevalence, verifying significant association between the occurrence and the consciousness level, hydration and skin texture. It was also significant the association to the subscale friction and shear.

Conclusion: the necessary involvement of the nursing staff to the preventive development in primary care to pressure ulcers is reaffirmed.

Published
Apr 11, 2016
How to Cite
SILVA, Maria do Livramento et al. Medical Conditions and Risks Associated with Pressure Ulcers. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, apr. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1514>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1919.
Section
Dermatology

Keywords

Pressure ulcer; Prevalence; Risk factors; Nursing.

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