Influence of Assistive Technology for the Maintenance of the Functionality of Elderly People: an Integrative Review

  • Eliane de Sousa Leite Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Tatiane Peixoto Rodrigues Graduate Program in Nursing, Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
  • Greicy Kelly Gouveia Dias Bittencourt Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraiba, Brazil
  • Francisca Bezerra de Oliveira Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Clélia Albino Simpson Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.
  • Antonia Oliveira Silva Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher’s Training Center, Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction: assistive technology consists of resources and services that contribute to provide or extend functional skills and promote independence and social inclusion of disabled or elderly.

Objective: identifying the knowledge produced in the scientific literature about contributions of assistive technology for the maintenance of the old functionality.

Method: it was conducted an integrative literature review in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane and LILACS, in May 2015, using the controlled descriptors: Aged, Aging, Self-help devices, Assistive Devices, Assistive Equipment and Assistive Technology. There were selected 13 items based on inclusion criteria.

Results: there were identified the following classifications in assistive technology: augmentative and alternative communication, environment control systems, mobility aids, postural adequacy, architectural projects for accessibility and sports and leisure.

Conclusion: the use of assistive technology allows the elderly to develop the functional activities of daily living safely, increase their independence and autonomy, prevent comorbidities and thereby contribute to improving the quality of life and social inclusion of the elderly.
Published
Mar 7, 2016
How to Cite
LEITE, Eliane de Sousa et al. Influence of Assistive Technology for the Maintenance of the Functionality of Elderly People: an Integrative Review. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, mar. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1501>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1892.
Section
Applied Technology in Medicine

Keywords

Elderly; Assistive technology; Self-help equipment; Personal autonomy; Review of literature.

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