Influence of Assistive Technology for the Maintenance of the Functionality of Elderly People: an Integrative Review
Introduction: assistive technology consists of resources and services that contribute to provide or extend functional skills and promote independence and social inclusion of disabled or elderly.
Objective: identifying the knowledge produced in the scientific literature about contributions of assistive technology for the maintenance of the old functionality.
Method: it was conducted an integrative literature review in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane and LILACS, in May 2015, using the controlled descriptors: Aged, Aging, Self-help devices, Assistive Devices, Assistive Equipment and Assistive Technology. There were selected 13 items based on inclusion criteria.
Results: there were identified the following classifications in assistive technology: augmentative and alternative communication, environment control systems, mobility aids, postural adequacy, architectural projects for accessibility and sports and leisure.Conclusion: the use of assistive technology allows the elderly to develop the functional activities of daily living safely, increase their independence and autonomy, prevent comorbidities and thereby contribute to improving the quality of life and social inclusion of the elderly.
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