Knowledge of Women Sex Workers about HIV/AIdS
Objective: Analyze the knowledge of female sex workers about HIV/Aids, whereas the variables age, education, monthly income, professional practice and participation in educational activities. Methods: Exploratory and quantitative study, conducted with 90 women sex workers, from May to September 2014, through a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic information and a test of knowledge about HIV/Aids with 66 items as the forms of contagion and prevention, physiological and behavioral attributes of aids (D3); that HIV causes symptoms in humans (D4); treatment of aids (D5). Friedman's test was held, Λ of Wilk and Wald (p < 0.05), in addition to the cutting point and percentages observed and expected through the T score, being considered low knowledge with score less than 60 hit points. Results: The women had an average age 23.7 years; 84.4% (76) and 62.2% (56) amount to the level of education above the high school. Knowledge in the D3, D4 and D5 dimensions feature significantly different hit percentage (p < 0.001). D3 showed lower percentage (53.8%) hit and D5 (70.8%). The T score revealed a discrepancy between the percentage of women's knowledge about the observed and expected. There was no influence of schooling in relation to knowledge about HIV (p = 0.476) and the professional exercise, age, marital status, income and participation in educational activities (p > 0.05). The knowledge presented significant difference in the average percentage of hit by D3, D4 and D5 dimensions (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The low knowledge of women may indicate vulnerability to infection by HIV, which reinforces the need for implementation of new strategies for prevention of virus in this social group which features odd conditions of risk to HIV.
Keywords: Sex worker; HIV, knowledge.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).