Knowledge of Women Sex Workers about HIV/AIdS

  • Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo Patrício UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DA PARAÍBA
  • Valéria Peixoto Bezerra Nurse Dr. Professor of undergraduate and graduate degree in Nursing from Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa/PB, Brazil
  • Brígido Vizeu Camargo Psychologist. Doctor. Professor at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
  • Jordana de Almeida Nogueira Nurse. Doctor. Professor of undergraduate and graduate degree in Nursing from Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa/PB, Brazil.
  • Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira Physical therapist. Doctor. Teacher graduation in speech therapy and graduate program in nursing, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa/PB, Brazil.
  • Karoline de Lima Alves Nurse. Graduate student at PPGENF, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. João Pessoa/PB, Brazil.

Abstract

Objective: Analyze the knowledge of female sex workers about HIV/Aids, whereas the variables age, education, monthly income, professional practice and participation in educational activities. Methods: Exploratory and quantitative study, conducted with 90 women sex workers, from May to September 2014, through a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic information and a test of knowledge about HIV/Aids with 66 items as the forms of contagion and prevention, physiological and behavioral attributes of aids (D3); that HIV causes symptoms in humans (D4); treatment of aids (D5). Friedman's test was held, Λ of Wilk and Wald (p < 0.05), in addition to the cutting point and percentages observed and expected through the T score, being considered low knowledge with score less than 60 hit points. Results: The women had an average age 23.7 years; 84.4% (76) and 62.2% (56) amount to the level of education above the high school. Knowledge in the D3, D4 and D5 dimensions feature significantly different hit percentage (p < 0.001). D3 showed lower percentage (53.8%) hit and D5 (70.8%). The T score revealed a discrepancy between the percentage of women's knowledge about the observed and expected. There was no influence of schooling in relation to knowledge about HIV (p = 0.476) and the professional exercise, age, marital status, income and participation in educational activities (p > 0.05). The knowledge presented significant difference in the average percentage of hit by D3, D4 and D5 dimensions (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The low knowledge of women may indicate vulnerability to infection by HIV, which reinforces the need for implementation of new strategies for prevention of virus in this social group which features odd conditions of risk to HIV.

Keywords: Sex worker; HIV, knowledge.

Published
Apr 3, 2016
How to Cite
PATRÍCIO, Anna Cláudia Freire de Araújo et al. Knowledge of Women Sex Workers about HIV/AIdS. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, apr. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1479>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1912.
Section
Infectious Diseases

Keywords

Sex worker; HIV, knowledge.