Evaluation of Balance and Walk and their Relationship to the Occurrence of Falls in Elderly

  • Lia Raquel de Carvalho Viana Federal University of Paraiba
  • Katia Nêyla de Freitas Macedo Costa
  • Tatiana Ferreira da Costa
  • Thayris Mariano de Medeiros
  • Raquel Janyne de Lima
  • Thaise Alves Bezerra
  • Laudicea da Silva Sales
  • Kaisy Pereira Martins
  • Stella Costa Valdevino
  • Gerlania Rodrigues Salviano
  • Maria Cristina Lins Oliveira Frazão
  • Silmery da Silva Brito Costa
  • Keylla Talitha Fernandes Barbosa
  • Kamila Nethielly Souza Leite

Abstract

Introduction: falls are a geriatric syndrome, and among the risk factors there are the balance and walking problems, becoming necessary the evaluation of these parameters for targeting care to prevent falls.

Objective: evaluating the balance and the walk as predictors of the risk of falls in the elderly.

Methods: a cross-sectional, exploratory and quantitative study conducted with 130 elderly. There were evaluated the balance and the walking through the Tinetti Scale and the data were analyzed using statistical software. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee under the advice number 963.157.

Results: 60% of the sample presented an average risk for falls, and the average test of balance and walking was lower among older people with a history of falls.

Conclusion: it is recommended that nurses perform multidimensional geriatric assessment in order to detect changes and minimize the risk of falls in the elderly.

 

Published
Mar 17, 2016
How to Cite
DE CARVALHO VIANA, Lia Raquel et al. Evaluation of Balance and Walk and their Relationship to the Occurrence of Falls in Elderly. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, mar. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1456>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1888.
Section
Primary Care

Keywords

Elderly; Accidental Falls; Risk Factors; Health Services for the Aged; Walking; Postural Balance.

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