Influence of Low Back Pain in the Functional Capacity of Older People

  • Ana Paula Vieira de Lucena Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Dannielle Santiago de Souza Leão Fernandes Teacher in Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Elicarlos Marques Nunes Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Juliane de Oliveira Costa Nóbre Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Elvis Costa Crispiniano Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Ana Carolina Miranda Luna Marques Teacher Department of Physical Therapy, Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Nicoly Negreiros de Siqueira Mariano Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Vandezita Dantas de Medeiros Mazzaro Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Adriano Moura de Menezes Dantas Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Samara Campos de Assis Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Celio Diniz Machado Neto Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Manuela Carla de Souza Lima Daltro Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College (PB), Brazil.
  • Jamili Anbar Torquato Teacher University Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brasil.

Abstract

Introduction: The lumbar pain is a set of painful manifestations that reach the lower back and sacroiliac, manifested in both sexes and all age groups, but increases dramatically with age, it is regarded as an important cause of disability, ranging from acute, subacute and chronic pain.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the influence of lumbar pain in the functional capacity of elderly residents in the city of Cajazeiras – PB.

Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study, analytical with a quantitative approach, conducted with 43 elderly patients with lumbar pain attended at the elderly pastoral meetings of St John Bosco church in the city of Cajazeiras - PB. It was used as a collection tool a questionnaire with socio demographic data, the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using the computer program SPSS version 20.0, and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: It was observed that most of the elderly were female, widowed, illiterate and predominant age group being 71-82 years old. The pain was classified as intense (39.53%) for most of the sample and through the Roland-Morris was established that all participants showed some degree of disability, and (62.6%) had severe disability.

Conclusion: Through this study it was found that low back pain generates significant influence on the functional capacity of the elderly, it is important to develop actions aimed to health promoting and preventing and consequently improving the quality of life of this age group.
Published
Feb 10, 2016
How to Cite
DE LUCENA, Ana Paula Vieira et al. Influence of Low Back Pain in the Functional Capacity of Older People. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 9, feb. 2016. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1448>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1880.
Section
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Keywords

lumbar pain, disability, elderly.

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