Quality of Life and the Cognitive Condition of Elderly Served in Family Health Unit
Introduction: the cognitive impairment affects the functional capacity of the individual in their day to day, resulting in a loss of independence and autonomy, with consequent loss of quality of life of the elderly.
Objective: investigating the relationship between cognitive status and quality of life of the elderly.
Methods: a quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study conducted with 110 elderly in the Family Health Unit located in the city of João Pessoa. The instruments used were: socio-economic map, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), WHOQOL-Bref and WHOQOL Old. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation.
Results: the results showed that 64.5% of the elderly were female, aged between 60 and 64 years old, studied one and four years, had a family income between one and three minimum wages, married and lived with their children and spouses, 20% of seniors had cognitive impairment, cognitive function that was more difficult to answer was "Constructive capacity". The domain "Social relations" and the facet "Sensory abilities" had the highest scores of the QOL. The domain "Environmental", the facets "Death and Dying", and "Past-Present-Future Activities of QOL” showed a positive correlation with cognitive state.
Conclusion: the evaluation of the cognitive status of older people in primary care settings enables the generation of subsidies for the development of strategies at the level of attention, planning and implementing actions in health promoting QOL of the elderly.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).