Social Representations about HIV/AIDS Built by the Elderly: an Integrative Review

  • Olívia Galvão Lucena Ferreira Physiotherapist, Doctoral Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Antonia Oliveira Silva Nurse, PhD in Psychology at the Institute of Labor Science and Enterprise - ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal, Professor of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Alinne Beserra de Lucena Marcolino Physiotherapist, Doctoral Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Tatyana Ataíde Melo de Pinho Physiotherapist, Doctoral Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
  • Laura de Sousa Gomes Veloso Physiotherapist, Master’s Student of Nursing at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Jordana de Almeida Nogueira Nurse, Doctorate in Nursing and Public Health from Ribeirão Preto School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Professor of the Postgraduate Nursing Program at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.
  • Eliane de Sousa Leite Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira Physiotherapist, Doctorate in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Professor at the Federal University of Paraiba. João Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: the theory of social representations possible to know with more particularity how individuals see the reality facing the object / phenomenon from their experiences that are loaded with beliefs and values and guide their conduct.

Objective: collect studies about the social representations of HIV/AIDS built by the elderly.

Method: an integrative literature review that sought national and international articles in the databases: LILACS, SciELO and PUBMED, with time frame from 2005 to 2014.

Results: we selected and analyzed six articles identifying four thematic groups that served as the discussion guide: HIV/AIDS and the biopsychosocial difficulties; Aging and HIV/AIDS: a double challenge; HIV/AIDS and ways of coping; Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.

Discussion: it can be observed that the social representations about HIV/AIDS built by elderly showed that the beliefs, interpretations and network developed symbolizations are complex, permeated by the disease and its biopsychosocial consequences. However, it turns out that, despite the complexity of the phenomenon experienced, people look for ways of coping, in order to improve their quality of life and leave it as close as possible to what it was before the diagnosis.

Conclusion: it turns out that, despite the complexity of the phenomenon experienced, people look for ways of coping, in order to improve their quality of life and leave it as close as possible to what it was before the diagnosis.
Published
Nov 9, 2015
How to Cite
FERREIRA, Olívia Galvão Lucena et al. Social Representations about HIV/AIDS Built by the Elderly: an Integrative Review. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, nov. 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1360>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1849.
Section
Infectious Diseases

Keywords

Knowledge; HIV; Elderly; Nursing

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