Factors Related to Depressive Complaints on Climacteric: a Cross-Sectional Study

  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Arthur Brenno Victor dos Santos Bachelor of Medicine, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Suellen Martins de Oliveira Bachelor of Medicine, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Tatiana Abrantes Gonçalves Bachelor of Medicine, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Francisca Bezerra de Oliveira Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda Teacher of Faculty Santa Maria, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Marilena Maria de Souza Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Francisco Fábio Marques da Silva Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Betânia Maria Pereira dos Santos Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Kennia Sibelly Marques de Abrantes Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Anne Milane Formiga Bezerra Nurse in the Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Kévia Katiúscia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Gerlane Cristinne Bertino Veras Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu Scientific Writing Laboratories, Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: Climacterium is a period of a woman's life, between 35 and 65 years old, marked by hormonal and biopsychosocial changes that can lead to the onset of depressive symptoms. The aim was to identify the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms in climacteric women.

Method: An exploratory study, of cross-sectional type research, was carried out in Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil, from January 2013 to March 2014. The sample included 411 women aged 40 to 60. Data collection was done by interviews using a structured script. Mean and standard deviation of age variables and per capita income were identified. For correlation between the variables, we used odds ratios (CI 95%), the X² and Fisher's Exact Test, with a significance level of 5%.

Results: The average age of women was 49.73 (± 5.799) years. Depressive complaints prevailed in 68.1%, associated with advanced age (p = 0.009; OR: 1693 [CI 1113–2577]), low education (p = 0.022; OR: 1568 [CI 1032–2382]), lower per capita income (p = 0.043; OR: 1553 [CI 1012–2384]), unpaid labor activity (p = 0.013; OR: 1641 [CI 1079–2495]), menopausal/postmenopausal (p = 0.011; OR: 1667 [CI 1092–2545]), sexual activity with complaint (p < 0.001 [OR: 2.777; [CI 1628–4737]) and the presence of at least one disease (p < 0.001; OR: 2230 [CI 1445–3440]).

Conclusion: Understanding and addressing the factors related to depressive complaints during climacterium supports the importance of conducting disease prevention programmes, thus delaying the onset of morbidity and improving quality of life.

Published
Oct 21, 2015
How to Cite
FARIAS, Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de et al. Factors Related to Depressive Complaints on Climacteric: a Cross-Sectional Study. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, oct. 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1353>. Date accessed: 03 june 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1843.
Section
Psychiatry & Mental Health

Keywords

Climacterium; Depression; Risk factors; Socioeconomic Factors.

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